There's a psychological concept known as the Halo Effect in which an object, person, or ideology (OPI) in which you find positive is assumed to have no negatives and an OPI in which you find negative is assumed to have no positives. This effect can be illustrated through some very simple thought processes:
- I like Jill, she is nice.
- I think donating to charity is nice.
- Therefore, I assume that Jill donates to charity.
This assumption is based on no outside information. I have never spoken to the hypothetical character named Jill, but I have a predisposition to assume that Jill would be "the kind of person who would" donate to charity. If we step back and think, we would realize the fallacy here, but until we actively engage in that thought processes, or until we receive information which contradicts this (e.g. "Jill is especially tight fisted with her finances"), we will operate on the assumption that Jill donates to charity as if it were a fact.
This assumption of fact is more powerful than just the Halo Effect. When we receive information, we immediately categorize it into one of two different sets: True and False. As a result, it's increasingly difficult to reach informed, unbiased positions with simple things (crop yield statistics), and almost impossible with complex issues. When news agencies lost their journalistic integrity, they helped set the stage for the polarization of the American public.
In today's world, education is something of a hot topic, and experts have been scratching their heads and arguing among themselves for the better part of a decade on how to copy the results of some amazing education systems in countries like Finland and Japan. Sadly, this new theory of education is going to be too late to increase the quality of education in millions of students today. Ignoring the student loan "crisis" for a moment, we can all agree on one thing: collegiate studies are become exponentially more expensive and the quality of education is not getting any better. So while it may be too late for millions, we need to understand the problem and move past it soon so that we can help those that come after us.